Windows 10 Network Card Configuration

Network card configuration in Windows 10 is pretty easy if you have done the network card configuration before in Windows 8, 7 or other operating system, but here I just want to show you how to do it in case you need some references.

Usually the reason you want to have your network card configured is to connect your computer to your network for web browsing, online shopping, communicating with other computers or so on.

Network Card Driver Installation

Before you are able to configure any settings of the network card, you need to ensure its driver has been installed. Without installing the driver, your network card will not work.

If you plug in the network card the first time to the computer and boot up the Windows 10, typically the system will detect new hardware and install it automatically. If it doesn't work, you can use the driver installation CD or the driver downloaded from vendor website to complete the driver installation. Don't forget to check the network card driver status to make sure it works well before moving on to next step.

TCP/IP Settings

At this time you should have connected the network card with network cable for connecting to your home network. If not, go ahead to connect the network cable. Ok! Now let's quickly check out the TCP/IP settings of the network card so that it can operate properly.

1) Go to Start and click on Settings.

2) Once you saw the Settings window, click on the Network & Internet, after that click on Ethernet.
Windows 10 Ethernet
3) Ethernet window will appear, and you should be able to find out if the network card is connected to network. Proceed to click on change adapter options to check the network card settings.
change adapter options
4) In the network card Properties, take note on the following items and enable them as needed:

Client for Microsoft Networks – Allow your computer to access resources in a Microsoft network.

File and Printer Sharing for Microsoft Networks – Allow your computer to share files and printers in Microsoft network.

Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) – The protocol that enables your computer to talk to other computers in your network. It needs to have IP address, netmask, gateway and other network information for talking to other computers. If you have configured DHCP setting on router, configure each computer to obtain IP address automatically (default setting). If you plan to configure IP address manually on each computer, configure the IP address by following your network design, and make sure the IP is unique.

Link-Layer Topology Discovery Mapper I/O Driver and Link-Layer Topology Discovery Responder - Used to discover and display your home network map. Check this on how to enable Network Discovery on your network.

If you don’t have those specified items installed, click Install… and follow the instructions to install the items which you missed. Finally click OK to close the window.

At this moment, your Windows 10 computer should have connected to home network. To test out, try to ping other computer or router IP, and access to other websites.
Windows 10 network card properties

Windows 10 Network Type

Please take note that when you connect Windows 10 to wired or wireless network the first time, by default it will be set to Public network if you did not enable your computer to be discoverable to other devices on the network.

If you want to change it to Private network, you can have a look on this changing network type article to get it done.
Windows 10 public network profile

Assigning Computer Name and Workgroup

Each computer in your network must be assigned a name and workgroup, so that it’s easy for your identification later. If you need help, follow this article to set computer name and workgroup.

If you face network connectivity or website access problem, try to use ping tool to troubleshoot network problem.

Next: Implementing Network Security

Content: Home Network Introduction

Back: Advanced Network Router Configuration

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